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Chung-kuo

or "Once Upon A Time In China"

(INTRO) Liu Xaodong was a painter who's travelling in China to discover brand new subjects for his portrays... A thorough search of the rural side provinces, the small towns, the industrial districts. Liu did meet common people as Xiao Wu, a little thief fallen in love with a hoo. Or Xiao Jin living in the northern China close to the Mongolian border, who was the unknown lover of Qiao Qiao, a local pop star. Then at Fengjie, an abandoned village where the Three-Throat dam had been built, he was familiar with Han Sanming, a miner, and Shen Hong, a nurse. Met Wei Minzhi, a young teacher who was searching for a last boy who left the school company for going to the big city. Not an easy task in that kind of cities crowded with million inhabitants, name it Shanghai or Peking–before the official translation changed her name to Beijing–that was just the birth place of Douzi and Shitou, both actors at the Opera Theatre up there. But the most extraordinary encounter had to take place in the forest where Mei, a blind dancer, made joggling magics to the men enchanted of her.
Once upon a time in China...


FILM ADVISOR


(1/10) Qian li zou dan qi (2005) by Zhang Yimou

(2/10) Bai ri yan huo (2014) by Yi'nan Diao, starring Liao Fanun

(3/10) Jing Ke ci gin wang (1999) by Chen Kaige

(4/10) Sanxia haoren (2006) by Jia Zhang-ke, starring Sanming Han and Hong Wei Wang

(5/10) Dao ma tse (1985) by Tian Zhuangzhuang

(6/10) Shi mian mai fu (2004) by Zhang Yimou starring Zhang Ziyi

(7/10) Wo hu zang long/Crouchin Tiger, Hidden Dragon (2000) by Ang Lee, starring Chow Yun-Fat, Michelle Yeoh

(8/10) Ba wang bie ji (1993) by Chen Kaige, starring Gong Li and Leslie Chung

(9/10) Xilu xiang (1999) by Fruit Chan (or) Xin xiang (1992) by Sun Zhou

(10/10) Chung hing sam iam (1994) by Wong Kar-wai, starring Brigitte Ling and Tony Leung

P.S. Each film title gives us a motive to understand the reason why the Chinese film-makers are well known in the developed countries, meanwhile around the globe they have utterly won many awards at major film festivals, from Dubai to Los Angeles, from Berlin to Durban, from Sao Paulo to Venice.

DAZIBAO

An intensive agriculture, a meatless civilization, the extraordinary effort of human beings to mould the landscape... all that had allowed the greatest concentration of people on rural zones far before the demographic trend of the Chinese cities late in the 20th century. The stories told here come from the true history of China.

Direct Marketing Linked Resources in 3D!

SNAPSHOT CHINA


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  • HE HAN ∼ The ancient core China is a 325,00 kmq-wide plain where the agriculture based on rice and millet made possible to feed people living there from the era of two chinas, the Northern one close to the yellow river (Huangho) and the Southern one close to the blue river (Yangtze). Several dynasties followed each other in the arcaic ages, to remember some: Shang, Chow, Chin, Han, Wei, Wu, Sung, Chi, Leang, Chen, Swei, Tang, Heu, Wanyen. In 215 b.C. under Shih Hwang-ti the Great Chinese Wall was built as the bulwark facing the barbarians, pieng cheng or chan cheng if you prefer, but always a wall. So far 6,000 km long, and that's when the Mongols had been menacing He han or "the middle world" as China was defined by the way. Modern China surface is estimated to 9,551,000 kmq.
  • HORSES, TENTS, PALACES ∼ When Genghiz Khan conquered Peking after years of attempts, it was the final act of the whole Asian submission to that great horde of Mongols, it has been counted one million, whose tent was their palace. The greatest cosmopolitan city in China was built by Kublai Khan on the ruins of the former city destroyed by his grandfather Genghiz Khan. In a few decades the head of the barbarians had changed his own attitude towards the way of life.
  • MING ∼ This famous dinasty–Ming stands for "luminous"–started from Hung-Wu and came after a rebellion of the countrymen against the Mongols who 1368 left Peking. Since then Nanjing and Beijing interchanged their importance as the capital of the Chinese united provinces when it moved from South/Nanjing to North/Beijing and back various times along with seventeen Ming sovereigns. Finally the "Forbidden City" became the resident place for the Ming emperors and from Yung-lo on they were buried at Chang-ping valley near Peking along the "soul street".
  • CHING ∼ 1644 another internal riot of peasants caused a historical breakdown and last Ming emperor Chong Chen paid the due and consequence with a cheap coffin and funeral. But six weeks later a different ethnic group, the Manchu, picked up the benefit from the chaos and they were inside the "Forbidden City" as the new-found dynasty. The first Ching emperors were remarkable and the Chinese empire developed widely until Taiwan. Ching ruled China until 1911.
  • EMPERORS, CHILDREN, BOXERS ∼ The "Forbidden City" hosted often children as early emperors, for example Shun-tzu started the Ching dynastty. Some children-emperors lived in segregation for years waiting for the civil war to end before leaving their hidden apartments. Meanwhile the power could be kept by concubine of low level as the empress dowager Tze-sih. She considered herself more impressive than Victoria, queen of England, another powerful woman of those ages. The old empress first entered and then went out of isolation during the turbolent years at the begining of the new XX century, well reacting when the armed Europeans, a.k.a. the hairy barbarians, came in Beijing after the Boxers' riot that had threatened the Western diplomatic body and extended their stay under siege. Just in time Tze-sih invited the wifes of some ambassadors to sip tea inside the "Forbidden City", U-turning from the concerns to a kind treatment (see further tea party)!
  • TEA PARTY ∼ Well, high quality black teas come basically from Anhwei and Yünnan provinces. For example, some robust teas are blended as "Prince of Wales" for a notorious English company. A Chinese classic is the Gunpowder Green Tea (not fermented). Kwang Tung is a jasmine-flavored tea. Some smoked teas are taken in the Lapsang Souchong originally from the Wuyi mountains, Fujian province.
  • THE LAST EMPEROR ∼ The story of the last emperor Puh-Yi was filmed in a multi-awarded movie but he would really swallow up the role of the Lords of War in the years of transition from Chinese empire to republic in a final attempt of restauration. He was an adolescent living in the "Forbidden City" waiting for someone to enter the palace and drive him out to a different empire. Could this be Manchukuò? The history says no.
  • THE LONG MARCH ∼ Mao Tse-Tung was born in Shaoshan, Hunan province, and you may find him as a librarian in Peking (1918), then leader of the communist columns during "the Long March" (1935-36) to Shansi province, from where they offered resistance to the Japanese army (1937). But above all he founded the Popular Republic of China exactly 70 years ago (1st October 1949). For sure Mao was not alone in building the PRC and here we won't assert a cult of personality up to the modern World Wide Web. Therefore beside him we could remember Peng Te-Huai as the commander of the third army corps during "the Long March" or Ho Lung as another commander of the people's army for liberating the Northern-Western region or Chu En-Lai as the representative of the communist China at the negotiation with the Kuomintang. But before all them the students of the 4th May Movement did represent more exactly the beginning of the Chinese Communist Party and the political facts following the World War I.
  • FLAG ∼ Zeng Lian Song was born in the Zhejiang province, and is the designer of the five-starred red flag of the PRC used on this page in its .gif version.

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  • SEEDS OF CAPITALISM ∼ After the 3rd Plenum of the Central Committee (Dec. 1978) the Chinese Communist Party established a tolerant policy toward the private entreprise. The baogan daohu system increased responsibilities and earnings for the families living in the countries. While in the cities the geti jingji plan launched China's urban individual economy to support trade, transportation and various services. For example, a Chinese man could sell guazi (roasted seeds of melon) and keep the net revenue after tax return—and so Mr. Deng Xiaoping was pictured as Chinese president with a Texas-styled hat on the magazines circulating throughout the Western world.
  • LEE ∼ This is the family name that Chinese share with English-based languages, or copied from? Lee Tsung Dao for example was a physicist born in Shanghai who won the Nobel prize in 1957. Lee Yun Fan became an international movie star a.k.a. Bruce Lee but, after three films and two others on the run, he prematurely died (see further Kung-fu). Here it's more appreciated Li that doesn't give rise to any doubt.
  • KUNG-FU DAYS ∼ In the 17th century the masters Li Chieng & Pai Yu Feng had been fixing the seventy-two forms of the fighting code. So the same society could be producing the Kung-fu and the Opera Theatre as inventive occupations at the same time.
  • CHAN IS DADA ∼ Yong Ping Huang (1954-2019) was an artist who formed Xiamen Dada, a radical avant-garde group. He has been expressing anti-artistic affectation (fan jiaoshi zhuyi), anti-art (fan yishu) and anti-history (fan yishushi) values in his work such as in "A Concise History of Modern Art after Two Minutes in the Washing Machine" project. He worked in Europe too and by an Italian design brand he was involved in the "100% Make Up" project (1992).
  • MODELS ∼ The first international Chinese supermodel is considered a girl from Shanghai, her given name sounds like Juan, the family name sounds like Du, the whole results Du Juan. Mo Wandan is another model, born in Shenzhen, Guandong province. Both models were stylish catched by a camera for The Cal (2008). They have opened the way and mind for young Chinese usually employed at the China Fashion Week exhibitions inaugurated in 1997 and taking place in Beijing twice a year (March-October, chinafashionweek.org).
  • BIG DATA ∼ China internet users grew to 854 million in the first half of 2019 with a penetration rate of 61.2%. The global Chinese population, now about 1,400 million people, is almost duplicated since 1967 when it was estimated to be 710.9 million. That is a real People's Republic densly populated in some provinces and cities, primarily the Eastern ones, where the demographic pressure has been going harsher according to the highly developing industrial zones. A symbol of this unstoppable development, also called transition toward modernity, has been considered the urban transformation of Guangzhou (or Kwangchow?) and its region converging onto the "Pearl River" (Chu Kiang). There in the deep South–since China has got her own too–people gave up of taditional activities such as growing pigs or fishing and now prefer navigating the cyberspace every day. Top Web bowsers in China are considered the same already known in the Western world, say Chrome (45%) and IE (23%). Far less considered Firefox and Safari (2% each). The local browsers resulting QQ (5%), 2345 (5%) and Sogou (4%). As for the e-commerce Chinese giant Alibaba, founded exactly 20 years ago in Hangzhou, Zhejiang province, is the main competitor and one of the largest internet-oriented companies in the world with its "Global Trade Starts Here" headline on its portal at Alibaba.com. By the way, to be continuing about global trade, Namhoi is the marine port of Guangzhou, just 80 miles from Hongkong, and for a long, long time rested the only Chinese port with a permission to practise the foreign commerce.

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  • NO ANONYMOUS ∼ "China is taking every measure it can to verify the identities of its over 850 million mobile internet users. From December 1st, people applying for new mobile and data services will have their face scanned by telecom providers" (source: Radical Party newsletter #48, 2019).
  • TOURISM ∼ For the tourist visiting a country as immense as mainland China it's very hard to choose the right destination. Here it will be highlighted the caves of Lung-Men or the "Dragons Gate" in Loyang; the raoliang growing in Manchuria; the Chang Kiang (= long river) flowing slowly and sometimes flooding like in 1931 when submerged Hankow; the famous laquer tree of Kweichow (or Kueichou); the infinite building sites of the public works under construction. For personal purpose and organization better to follow the travel package services at Chinahighlights.com.
  • CHOW/CHOU, TZU/ZHOU ∼ Not simple results the translation from Chinese language into Western letters. Take it easy and with philosophy. His name is Chuang Chou (or Chuang Tse or Tzu), a Chinese philosoph, pupil of Kung Ch'iu (or Kung Fu-tze). He studied with higher interest the doctrine of Lao Tse to eleaborate a mystic conception of the knowledge. When he dreamed a butterfly, Chuang thought of the butterfly dreaming to be himself the philosoph. Chow-chow (or Chou-Chou) is a luxury dog breed that doesn't think so fine as a philosoph but nobody could really know. In 1889 a commercial hub was opened by the European merchants in the Kwangsi province. That location is known as Lungchow or Lungchou but it could be translated even Lungching or Lungtsin. It depends which Chinese language one is comfortable with.
  • IRON MEN ∼ A falling demand in the real estate sector hurts the iron and steel industry → many plants stop, an important group could go bankruptcy → one fourth of the employees in the Wenxi county depends from this industry and one corporation → 100,000 people will pay the consequences?
  • SUPERSTITIOUS ∼ The demand of tiger bones and furs has been increasing during years 2000s to the point that the number of tigers diminished dramatically. A Chinese superstition believes those ingredients make wines and spirits stronger and healthier for the consumers. The poachers of the tiger thank so much.
  • 4H SHANGHAI ∼ The cultural revolution went to conclusion in the 1970s. In China the last radical group was the Band of Four featuring Chiang Ching, widowed of Mao, plus three leaders so called the "clique of Shanghai". In order to redeem the image of Shanghai, that counts 27 million inhabitants, thus one of the smartest metropolitan cities today, some years ago they have organized the 4 Hours Shanghai for the World Endurance Championship–Jackie Chan owns the Chinese Racing Team involved in this competition, Ho-pin Tung as the driver. Maybe does that ill-timed story of the clique help some rebels (on Rebellion) win the race edition of the current year...

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  • SEZ ∼ «Let the Guangdong walk a step ahead of the rest» words eventually said by Teng Hsiao-ping (or Deng Xiaoping). This province is considered a solid evidence of the Special Economic Zones (SEZs) planned and built in China during the 1980s. Now the region provides about 40% of total exports of China. In a 250-km-long built-up area made of Zuhai-Shenzen-Dongguan-Guangzhou, one might breathe in all that Yitnau spirit, that has basically something to do with the free market-oriented economic policies and measures adopted for the economic management developing the SEZs.
  • MR. LANG & MS. WANG ∼ «In my country we start working hard as children. Eight, nine hours a day, we don't complain about it, it's normal». This man speaking is a Chinese pianist, not a bookmaker. He's a fame Lang Lang, grown up in the industrial region of Shenyan and urged to play by his father. You can watch his full performance video on twitter.com/lang_lang! Another world star is the Beijing-born classical pianist Yuja Wang. In 2019 she tours China with Wiener Philarmoniker presenting concerts in Macao, Guangzhou, Shanghai and Wuhan (source: twitter.com/yujawang).
  • CHINA CALLING ∼ CN¥ is the symbol of the Chinese currency–to be found among the special types since it's not on the keyboard as everyone should easily notice. Today the Chinese information and communication technology companies are the most important partners of European enterprises of public interest. TZE Corp. is a Shenzhen-based, Guandong business leading the 5G technology that will improve 3D applications and wi-fi data processing. Dai Shu, Communication Director TZE, has benn planning the best world as soon as possible within 2025 thanks to 5G diffusion inside the global network of the smart cities. Meantime Huawei Technologies is a Shenzhen-based, Guandong (again) company making smart devices, 46% of China's market share, but really the world's largest network equipmente supplier. Huawei revenue amounts to CN¥ 721.202 billion (2018). Just blacklisted the company is usually quarreling with the US President via twitter. Meng Wanzhou, Huawei business executive, has been investigated for spying and fraud and probably she's under surveillance by some spyware sent from (omissis). Question: would the artificial intelligence and the human stupidity be competing furthermore?
  • THE SILK ROAD ∼ "Custom digital fabric Printing Silk crepe de chine 100% silk tulle fabric €3.66-€9.13/Meter 50 Metres (MOQ)" √erified ⟨contact supplier⟩. The B2B platform powered by Alibaba.com allows to contact and trade with he firm, Hangzhou MY Textile Technology Co. So far China is so close!
  • PEOPLE'S DAILY ∼ The average day for first snow of winter in Beijing is November 29th, according to data from over nearly 60 years (source: twitter.com/PDChina). While in Hsiankiang it's very hot–sometimes with smoke screens prevailing–Beijing saw its first snow of the winter just yesterday. Different zones, different climate humours.
  • CHINESE KITCHEN ∼ Do Chinese hate the carrots? Not exactly, but that root is savorless and they use it just for colouring the plates. By the authentic Chinese cuisine, zhongguo pengren, a dish should be fine at first sight, pleasant by taste and flavour, a perfect fusion of less meat, fish, many vegetables and cereals. Cooking is an art made of disparate acts as often as not associated: ban (to mix), zha (to fry), zheng (to steam), zhu (to boil), jiang (to marinate). Now fan & tsai are ready, take away your perfectly cooked meal. All is in harmony under the sky!


N.E.W.S.

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(OUTRO) N.E.W.S. stands for North East West South. The next section is a natural appendix to the magazine and reports important figures about the China making progress toward a futuristic country. For we are observing China from the old Europe, it seems natural to alternate news extracted from the largest newspaper in China, thus state-affiliated media, with some other points of view. It's your duty to distinguish the latter from the news of official source.
  • N China Hebei Province ∼ Zhangjlakou City will deploy 655 hydrogen-powered vehicles for transportation and logistics in the competition zone for Beijing2022 Winter Olympic Games.
  • E China Zhejiang Province ∼ The Phase1 Project of Ningbo Rail Transit Line 5, the first self-driving metro line, started operation on 27th December, 2021. It can realize automatic functions, including entry and exit, self-cleaning, and so on.
  • Labeled '996', it concerns the excessive-work culture that pervades the China's largest corporations. That system, prevalent in the Technology and Internet sectors, becomes a hot topic in China: employees work 9am to 9pm, six days a week! Just in 2021 the China's Supreme Court condemns companies that overwork their workers and rules as illegal the '996' system.
  • E China Jiangsu Province ∼ The Taihu tunnel, China's largest underwater highway tunnel, opened to traffic on December 29th, 2021. The 10.79-kilometer-long tunnel runs under Taihu Lake, China's third largest fresh water lake.
  • SW China Chongqing ∼ 3 self-driving buses have started trial commercial operation in Chongqing. Named Robobus, the vehicles have a cruising speed of 40 km/h ca. passengers can swipe bus passes, scan QR codes or faces to pay fares!
  • The China's outstanding boom in economy has had a dramatic rebound on environmental risk and damage. Indeed during the first fifteen years of the XXI century, also named the Chinese century, the environmental issue has become pivotal for many Chinese local communities, not only in all the megacities. 2015 a documentary by Chai Ling ("Under the Dome") showed how much seriously the quality of air and life were menaced by the industry-generated pollution, especially that caused by the coal.
  • On Wednesday 29th December, 2021 China sent the Tianhui-4 satellite into space from the Jiuquan Satellite Center.
  • China's population on the mainland grew to 1.4126 billion by the end of 2021, increased by 480,000 compared with the end of 2020—data as showed from the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS).
  • NW China Xinjiang ∼ This province is known because of that wicked model of surveillance, accomplished by a government or police department, that is made possible since computers, smartphones, and other portable devices have been turning into tools for monitoring and tracking the users' behaviours! The Xinjiang Papers were published in 2019 (see The Intercept website) and prove the role of Big Tech in order to control ethnic minorities, in that case Uighur inhabitants.
  • China's Shenzhou-13 taikonaut Wang Yaping has became the first Chinese female astronaut that has the longest space stay of over 100 days.—she is 42-year-old and certainly the most famous woman in China today.
  • The average life expectancy in SW China's Tibet in 2021 rose to 72.19 years (+1.09 year over 2020), according to the fifth session of the 11th Peope Congress of Tibet Autonomous Region.
  • According to a 2020 president Xi Jinping declaration, China aims to reach "zero emission" (i.e. carbon neutrality) within 2060. But CO2 emissions in China will reach their peaks probably in 2030.
  • China unveiled a brand new Fuxing bullet train, the world's first intelligent self-driving 350 km/h high-speed train. Remolded to serve the Beijing2022 Winter Olympics, the train has a 5G livestreaming studio on board.
  • China's S Guangdong ∼ Metropolis Shenzhen will hand out consumption coupons worth over 25 million yuan (about $3.95 million) in China's digital flat currency, or the eCNY, during the upcoming spring festival. By the end of 2021 over 300,000 merchants in Shenzhen have accepted the eCNY.
  • The olympic villages in three competition zones of the Beijing2022 officially opened on Thursday (27.01.22) welcoming delegations. A total of 91 delegations across the world have been confirmed to compete in the upcoming Winter Games.
  • China is also the world's leading country in adopting clean technologies, resulting the first investor, producer, as well as user of renewable energy.
  • Nearly 2.99 billion COVID-19 vaccine doses had been adimistered on the Chinese mainland—data from the National Health Commission showed Friday 28.01.22.
  • Two years ago the fast-moving pandemic was coming on and Wuhan—middle-southern China—would be not only a city prominently placed at the confluence of the Yangtze and Han Rivers. Hence the Chinese manufacturers have been delivering most of the individual safeguarding devices needed across Europe, confirming China's primary role as Factory of the World! Even a diagnostic tool like the quick test for SARS-Cov-2 is securely made in S China's Hangzhou technological area.
  • The Beijing2022 Winter Olympic torch relay will take place in three competition zones in Beijing, Yanqing, and Zhangjiakou from February 2 to February 4. A total of 1,200 torchbearers are expected to take part in the 3-day torch relay.
  • Sitting over 565.4 meters above a valley the Beipanjiang Bridge in SW China's Guizhou has been certified as the world's highest bridge by the Guinness World Records.
  • February 1st, 2022 wil mark the first day of Year of the Tiger on the Chinese lunar calendar. And... footprints of wild Siberian Tiger were found in NE China's Greater Khingan Range.

Post it! To be always connected to the China news and/or monitor Chinese economy and finance, visit the following select group of websites:
www.people.cn
www.chinamediaproject.org
www.yuantalks.com
www.cgtn.com


#MyOlympicGames!

©2019 Roberto Dondi::www.dmlr.org
DMLR 20YRS and 3D (banners) • k®ea'ti:v • DonRo • donro@dmlr.org
Issued { November 24th, 2019–short strokes on November 30th.
(N.E.W.S. appendix as of January 2022.)